Bagration helped to end the war, but it was also a sign of things to come. Soviet forces were exhausted and in no position to fight their way into a major city, but Stalin's refusal to provide even token support for the Poles, or to let British and American supply planes use Soviet-controlled airfields, sent a chilling message to his western allies. Much of Poland had been subsumed in the old Tsarist empire. In the Bolsheviks and the Poles fought a brutal war over the borders of newly independent Poland, which saw Polish troops briefly capture Kiev before being driven back to Warsaw.
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Two decades later, Stalin was determined to settle the question. In he secretly massacred much of Poland's officer corps at Katyn; four years later he happily watched the Germans crush the Warsaw rising — describing its anti-Soviet leaders as a "handful of power-seeking criminals" — before overrunning the country at his leisure.
In early September , with Eisenhower's troops surging into the Low Countries, it seemed that the second world war might be over by Christmas. But then the Allies failed to cross the Rhine and the western front got bogged down. In British memory, the autumn of centres on that notorious "bridge too far" at Arnhem, but meanwhile, on the eastern front, Stalin made yet more dramatic breakthroughs as the Red Army smashed through Romania and Bulgaria into Yugoslavia and Hungary.
The leader who, little more than a year before, had controlled only two-thirds of his own country now dominated much of eastern Europe.
During the cold war, the Yalta conference of February was often stigmatised in the west as the moment when Roosevelt and Churchill "handed over" half of Europe to Stalin. By the time of Yalta, the Soviets controlled Poland and much of the Balkans: As important as Yalta was Churchill's meeting with Stalin four months earlier.
Although an ardent foe of what he once called "the foul baboonery of Bolshevism", Churchill entertained a paradoxical faith in the essential decency of Stalin, born of two intense, boozy summit meetings in and It means the total number of people killed, wounded, taken prisoner, gone missing, and caught some debilitating disease. For both sides, the vast majority of men were able to recover from their injuries. So, in truth, the permanent losses for the Germans were , men while the Soviets permanently lost only , men. The figures about German casulaties are not exact, in fact they were lower.
By the logics displayed above the same type of losses is counted twice. Also note that only Besides there was lower effectivity of Soviet medical system in the field and it can be reasonably assumed that more soldiers have died or were permanently crippled on Soviet than on German side. But I suspect that that even without the military prowess of Adolph Hitler, the Red Army would have eventually over powered the Wermacht, but with much heavier casulaties and a year later. The post-war map may also have been much different. It is Adolf not Adolph Hitler.
Well, the German generals always blame Hitler…the German generals never confess own mistakes, its easy to blame someone who is dead. For instance during the russian winter offensive the generals wanted to redraw, it was only Hitlers orders to stay where they where that stoped the redraw. Otherwize it would have been panic and the german army had not stoped redrawing until they had reached the german border. The last major German offensive around Kursk in the summer of was halted. The enormous Soviet offensive of dwarfed anything the Western allies could put on the continent that same year.
This event would […]. May be one of the reasons which can explain the defeat of German Army Center Group is the very low number of fighters. Those fighters were reinforced few later but they were missing during the beginning of Soviet Offensive. It was due mainly to the campaign of strategic bombing over Germany by 8th Air force, which forced German fighters to struggle in Germany against Flying Fortresses and more difficult , since May long range fighters Mustang P In the earliest years of Operation Barbarossa, the Germans demonstrated their superiority in close air support of ground operations.
I suspect they first mounted anti-tank guns on aircraft. A gunner on board a swooping aircraft could aim at the relatively thin armoured upper and rear parts of tanks. Of course, the Wehrmacht eventually lost their edge in exploiting the airborne anti-tank weaponry.
Moreover, even before the Soviets learned the trick, the air weapon was more effective during summer than winter. When the weather turned bad, the invaders lost a significant advantage and incurred their biggest reverses. Anyway, the Soviets learned the value of close air support from their adversaries. Operation Bagration New Link Is: Soviet Offensive of […]. When considering the short-distance punches of previous Soviet offensive and counter-offensive operations less likely to produce major encirclement , limits not of leadership men like Rokossovsky were among the best , but of logistical ability Red Army simply did not have enough trucks to support long drives prior to Lend Lease levels , it seems some credit for the level of success in Bagration should also be given to the Studebaker Co.
True, Lend Lease truck made a differense. I understand that my brother Wilhelm Spreitzer born in in Wildbach, Gottschee may have been in this area during the war. While the Germans were severely handicapped by that military genius Adolf Hitler, one must give credit to the improved Soviet battle doctrine. Their leadership and combined arms coordination evolved through hard-fough bloody warfare with a skilful and highly disciplined enemy. The Soviets learned their lessons well.
Two ideas for thought: The previous defeats that led the Germans to occupy such a precarious position in the first place, and 2. Bagration was a brilliant success, but we in the west do not give credit where it is due.
Operation Bagration: Soviet Offensive of | HistoryNet
Germany had lost he war before Normandy as big as an event as it was in the West. What I remember hearing from that time long ago was that part of the German Army was correlled into a swamp area and that most of them died in that quick sand area. Have you ever read or heard anything about that?
I believe this to be true. My grand-father was in the Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front and told me this story. His unit no description of how large it was was retreating through the swamps and only 5 men came out alive. Many were shot by partisans, many died overnight by drowning. Exhausted soldiers would just lie on the ground and their body heat would melt the ice underneath causing them to drown.
He said that when they came out on the other side, an officer who was waiting for them lost his mind when he realised how large the losses were.
The other D-day – and the onset of Cold War
I think, leaving behind all lyrism and poetry, the war beacame at one simple conclusion- the strongest take the upper hand, When the Red Army, wich was bigger than the German since the beggining, rallyes from the firsts losses, upgrade the equipment to be better than the German the victory became at sight. Someone can tell there is the famous Tigers and Panthers panzers but they were always vastly outnumbered, besides the panzer 4 was the german warhorse but markedly inferior to the t 34, their main tank.
And there is the logistics- when the German Army still use horses to pull wagons the Red Army got ! In 44 the industrial war production from the German was nealy equal to the Soviets but they got to deployed it in 3 fronts… Greetings to all. Well, with Germanys limited nature resources, for instance, no oil, its a very bad idea to attack Russia.
Even more stupid is to be att war with Russia and USA at the same time…So, it was the germans own fault that they had to fight at three fronts…To build those slow, clumsy Tigers was also very stupid, a lot of resources of steel and oil wasted, of wich Germany did not have much. Had been much smarter to build a tank like the russian T34, easy to massproduce.. Hitler when attacked Russia did not the homework. He was blinded with all thevictorys all over Europe. I give you na ex.: Everybody knows the rest. The Germans lost because Halder ignored his Logisticians who told him that german logistic capability would limit their advance to to km after which they would be forced to halt and build up supplies before advancing again, the German General Staff kept this information from Hitler.
Mi piaceBe the first to like this post. This entry was […]. Hurrah for the Red Army. Analysis Of Deep Attack Operations: During this period, the armed forces of the Soviet Union held the strategic initiative and used it to defeat the Wehrmacht, gain control of Eastern Europe, and invade Germany proper, meeting Allied forces on the Elbe River on 25 April By the beginning of , the Red Army clearly had the initiative on the Eastern Front; moreover, since the beginning of the second period, the Soviet Union also had strong allies who could provide assistance in two ways: As the Soviet Union saw it, the most important contribution which these allies could make to her strategically would be to open a second Front against the Germans.
Although this was not to happen during the first period, they did contribute in two other ways. They commenced Lend-Lease aid, although this would not amount to sufficient quantities to affect Soviet operations until late and They also opened indirect attacks on Germany through the initiation of the strategic bombing campaign against Germany proper and commencing offensives and landings against Axis forces in North Africa at the beginning of the Soviet's second period. The invasions of Sicily and Italy followed in the second period, knocking Italy out of its alliance with Germany and diverting German forces to defend in Italy.
The invasion of Sicily may also have contributed to the German decision to break off its Kursk offensives as well in July Moreover, by the end of the second period of the war, the Allies had finalized their plans for the opening of the Second Front directly by landing in northern and southern France in May , and the Soviet leadership had been so informed at the Teheran Conference in November Indeed, just the threat of the invasion had been sufficient to act as a distraction to the Germans by this time, and Lend-Lease aid had now entered the Soviet armed forces in quantity.
Leningrad and the Ukraine. The offensive at Leningrad commenced on 14 January and ground to a halt on 1 March with the German siege of Leningrad broken, the German Sixteenth and Eighteenth Armies defeated, Soviet advances of up to kilometers, and Soviet forces on the border of Estonia. The blow in the Ukraine commenced on 24 January , lasting until mid-April, and involved all of the fronts in the Ukraine.
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Finally, the various fronts were ordered by Stavka to go on the defensive between 17 April and 6 May to prepare for the summer offensive.